HIFU prostate cancer treatment is one of the most rapidly growing treatment methods around the world. HIFU stands for High Intensity Focused Ultrasound. The advantage of using HIFU prostate cancer treatment is that it is very precise and does not come with side effects like with traditional surgery procedures. In this treatment method, high intensity ultrasound waves are used to destroy the cancer cells.
How does HIFU treat Prostate Cancer?
HIFU heats and destroys cancer cells in the prostate. Pulses of ultrasound waves travel through the wall of the back passage (rectum) into the prostate gland and are focused onto a small area. This ultrasound energy causes the prostate cells to heat up. This heat destroys normal prostate cells and cancer cells. The surgeon is able to focus the treatment on the prostate gland and avoid damaging other nearby organs.
Who is the Candidate for HIFU for Prostate Cancer Treatment?
Candidates suitable for HIFU for prostate cancer treatment are:
Patients who have localized prostate cancer disease and can tolerate anesthesia
Patients who do not want to partake in watchful waiting of their prostate cancer disease
Patients that have studied and understood their treatment options for prostate cancer and have elected NOT to undergo surgery,radiation or cryoablation
Patients who need retreatment for prostate cancer recurrences after:
What is the Success Rate of HIFU for Treatment of Prostate Cancer?
Over 90% of patients undergoing HIFU therapy will not require further treatment for their prostate cancer. In those developing a recurrence, they remain candidates for surgery, radiation or hormone therapy. HIFU treatment has a similar success rate to radical prostatectomy but has the major advantage of using non-invasive technology.
How is the Preparation for HIFU for Prostate Cancer Treatment?
On the day before the procedure you will have to take a bowel preparation at home. You may have a light breakfast and then commence on clear fluids for the rest of the day. You are allowed to drink water until 2 hours before admission.
You will be admitted to hospital on the morning of the HIFU. You will be given an enema on admission and any necessary blood tests, ECG or x-rays will be undertaken.
Your consultant will usually see you before you go to theatre and ask you to sign informed consent. You will be seen by the anesthetist.
What is HIFU Procedure for Prostate Cancer Treatment?
Following steps are included in HIFU procedure for Prostate cancer Treatment:
Since it is necessary that all your movement be minimized during the treatment, spinal anesthesia is administered as well as intravenous sedation so you will rest comfortably during the procedure.
The treatment may last anywhere from 2 to 3 hours depending on the size of your prostate. The treatment is performed with you lying on your right-hand side.
The urologist inserts a small probe into the rectum after coating it with gel and placing it inside a latex balloon filled with a cooling liquid. This maintains a constant temperature in the rectal wall during the entire treatment.
The urologist locates the limits of the prostate by ultrasound examination and outlines the zone he wishes to treat. Then 400 to 600 pulses of high-intensity focused ultrasound are administered to the prostate. As a result of the treatment the prostate swells immediately and compresses the urethra. For this reason, a temporary catheter is inserted into the bladder to drain urine until the swelling of the prostate goes down. Generally, the catheter will be required to stay in place for 14 days.
If you have an enlarged prostate with symptoms or signs of prostatic obstruction (i.e. weak urinary stream, frequent urination at night, or sensation of residual urine volume in the bladder), you may need to have the prostate reduced prior to treatment. This is usually done by the use of medication (cyto-reduction) or by having part of your prostate resected prior to having the treatment. This procedure is called a transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P).
How is the Recovery after HIFU Procedure for Prostate Cancer Treatment?
Immediately after HIFU procedure for the treatment of prostate cancer there is a one to two hour recovery period at the hospitals and then you are discharged. Recovery is minimal. A suprapubic tube is inserted during the procedure that is usually worn for two to five weeks. People usually are up and walking around within hours after HIFU and can return to a normal lifestyle within a couple of days. Some HIFU patients experience frequency, urgency, mild discomfort or discharge in urinary stream. During your recovery time at home, a staff member is always available to guide you with any questions.
What are the Advantages of HIFU for Prostate Cancer Treatment?
HIFU is now widely available as an alternative treatment option for prostate cancer and presents the following advantages:
Around 90% of men are successfully treated
No incision, therefore avoiding the risk of a surgical site infection
Usually a day case
It aims to preserve the vital structures around the gland therefore preserving continence, erectile and orgasmic function
The procedure can be repeated if necessary
Radiation therapy and surgery are still options if the procedure fails
Over 99% of men remain continent
Around 70% men retain erectile function with Full HIFU and 95% men with Focal HIFU
What are the Risks of HIFU?
The risks associated with HIFU in the treatment of prostate cancer are very less in comparison with the other procedures and is rare which include following:
20-30% of patients may experience difficulty in voiding urine and may require the catheter for an extra week, failing which they would require a cystoscopy as a day procedure to clear the dead tissue from the prostate. Our own studies on HIFU treated patients showed no overall increase in urinary symptoms up to 12 months after treatment.
A small number of patients may experience mild redness or swelling around the scrotum and penile skin that resolves within a week.
7% patients experience mild rectal symptoms such as bleeding, loose stools or mucus in stools that resolves within a week.
What is the Alternative of HIFU in treating Prostate Cancer?
Following are the alternative procedures of HIFU for the treatment of prostate cancer.
Why consider HIFU in India for the Treatment of Prostate Cancer?
There are many reasons considering HIFU procedure in India for the treatment of prostate cancer and some of them include:
India has all but established itself as king of the castle when it comes to international medical tourism. The affordable prices combined with high levels of quality care in a country rich in culture, natural beauty and amazing food all combine to make India the first choice for many seeking medical treatment abroad. In fact, India is one of the world’s preferred destinations for all types of medical treatment procedures.
India is among the world's top 5 medical tourism destinations which present the most attractive opportunities for medical tourists and foreign investors alike, according to Nuwire Investors, an online source for news related to real estate investment and other investment opportunities. These markets were selected based on quality and affordability of medical care as well as receptiveness to foreign investment. Based on these criteria, Malaysia was ranked third.
One of the great advantages of receiving medical treatment in India is the ease with which appointments for treatment can be arranged. Indian hospitals have numerous operating theaters and enough qualified surgeons that there is little, if any, waiting for scheduling even the most complex and invasive procedures.
HIFU for the treatment of prostate cancer treatment in India is available in following cities:
What is the Cost of HIFU for Prostate Cancer Treatment in India?I
India offers a low cost HIFU for prostate cancer treatment for international patients.
India's favorable exchange rate and the cost of healthcare services are at an extensively lower cost than that of other countries. If you're coming from a Western country such as the United States or Britain, medical procedures in India will generally cost a fraction of the price as compared to prices back home.
Prices in India are reasonable and affordable, be it accommodation, food or even shopping.
From comfortable and affordable hotels to five-star accommodations, India provides you with a choice to budget or splurge. Following chart indicates the cost difference of HIFU for prostate cancer treatment in India and other countries.
HIFU for Prostate Cancer Treatment in India- Plan with Forerunners Healthcare
Forerunners Healthcare offers comprehensive services to international patients for getting done HIFU for prostate cancer treatment in India at low cost. Patient just has to send a detailed query regarding prostate cancer treatment in India and one of the patient coordinators will contact you within 24 hrs and will resolve all your queries related to the surgery and getting it done in India. All arrangements like travelling, accommodation, VISA and appointment with the doctor will be arranged to make your medical tour hassle free.
Some of the common countries from which patients travel to India for surgery are:
Located in South Asia, bordered by Pakistan, Nepal, China and Bangladesh, India is South Asia's largest, sovereign, democratic republic. India has an edge over other countries when it comes to offering comprehensive, cost-effective and timely medical care: it also offers an exotic, adventure-filled or cultural -if you wish array of destinations to discover and revel in for the travelers. Indian cities like Mumbai, Hyderabad, Goa, Bangalore, Nagpur, Kerala, Delhi, Pune, Jaipur, Chennai, Gurgaon, and Chandigarh offers best medical tourism service.
Mumbai - Formerly known as Bombay, is the commercial & financial capital city of India. Mumbai is famous for many things, including its thriving Bollywood film industry, teeming bazaars, colonial-style buildings, Art Deco structures and a superb choice of restaurants, often being rated as the dining capital of India. The tourist district of Colaba in Mumbai is a great place to start exploring this great city.
Hyderabad – Hyderabad city is a great place to visit in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The place has witnessed a continuous growth for last many years. Hyderabad has become a tourist hotspot following ever increasing number of tourists during past few years. Hyderabad has a well-founded reputation as one of the safest cities in the world.
Goa - The country's smallest state and famed for its colonial Portuguese and Catholic past, most tourists visit Goa for its endless selection of sandy beaches and coastal attractions. Standing proudly next to the Arabian Sea, Goa is a particularly compact state and often feels like a large town, being easy to travel. Around Goa, tourists will soon realize that the state has much more to offer than simply stunning beaches, fishing, water scooters, windsurfing and scuba diving.
Bangalore - Beauty lies in the eyes of beholder and if you want to see one of the most beautiful places in India then Bangalore is the word for it. Bangalore has earned sobriquets like 'Silicon Valley of India', 'Pub Capital of India', and 'City of Gardens'. Pleasant climate with colorful gardens with lakes and glittering nightlife, Bangalore has made its own attraction for travelers as one of the most charming cities in India,
Nagpur - Nagpur is the largest city in central India, but with its friendly atmosphere and dependable transportation, you’ll instantly feel at home. The city of Nagpur has a well-built infrastructure, is a clean and affluent city which makes a good jumping-off point for a series of trips into the far eastern corner of Maharashtra..
Kerala - Welcome to Kerala, state in India's southern tip and a state known as God's Own Country. Kerala is one of the ten 'Paradises Found' by the National Geographic Traveler, for its diverse geography and overwhelming greenery. It is a land much acclaimed for the contemporary nature of its cultural ethos, and much appreciated for the soothing, rejuvenating paradise that it is.
Delhi - Delhi, the capital of India is situated in the northern part of the country. Apart from being the capital of India, Delhi is also the travel hub of northern India. It serves as an excellent base for visiting the colorful state of Rajasthan, and Agra, the city of the Taj Mahal, is less than three hours away. Discover the many tales behind Delhi’s ancient, bewitching existence. Feel the excitement of stepping foot on a piece of the world’s oldest land!
Pune - Pune is the eighth largest city in the India state of Maharashtra. The city derives its name from Punya Nagari, which means 'the city of virtuous deeds.'Pune or the 'Queen of Deccan' is known for its educational, research and development institutions. This beautiful city has many exotic locales attracting innumerable tourists.
Jaipur – Jaipur is located in India and attracts a flurry of tourists from all over the world. Sited within eastern Rajasthan, North India, the city of Jaipur is famed for its hilltop fortresses, magnificent royal palaces and historic pink-painted sandstone architecture, earning it the affectionate nickname of the 'Pink City'.
Chennai - Chennai formerly known as Madras is the capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is famous for its culture and tradition. Chennai hosts a large cultural event, which includes performances by hundreds of artists. The city has a vibrant theatre scene and is an important centre for the Bharatanatyam, a classical dance form.
Gurgaon – It is one of the four important satellite cities of the National Capital Region and is often referred to as the 'Millennium City.' Gurgaon has recently emerged as the latest hub for Medical Tourism. Apart from being IT hub and a favorite haunt for MNC offices, the city has a number of world class hospitals that not only treat Indian citizens but also people from outside.
Chandigarh - Chandigarh is a rare epitome of modernization co-existing with nature's preservation. It is here that the trees and plants are as much a part of the construction plans as the buildings and the roads. India’s first planned city, Chandigarh is a rich, prosperous, spic and span, green city rightly called “THE CITY BEAUTIFUL”.