Plan Liver Cancer Treatment and Surgery in India with Forerunners Healthcare Consultants
Liver Cancer Treatment and Surgery are done by oncologists who who work together with the clinicians from a variety of specialities to provide a personalized and aggressive treatment plans and therapies that is tailored to meet the patient’s needs and help to preserve the quality of life. Forerunners Healthcare Consultants is a medical value provider in India having an association with several prominent surgeons and experts. We help overseas patients access the facilities of best medical fraternity.
How things function at Forerunners Healthcare Consultants
No compromise : Forerunners Healthcare Consultants and our panel of doctors in India will never compromise with the efforts in surgery to be performed.
Stress-free environ : Our company ensures you remain stress-free from the moment you land in India.
Communication : We at Forerunners Healthcare Consultants do a detailed study of your needs and send references to respective medical experts accordingly. Be rest assured as the best in field surgeons shall be giving you a new life.
Low cost : The overall expenses including liver cancer treatments and surgery, stay, meals, medication, flight tickets, are very much less than most of the countries offering the same state-of-art facilities.
Ready for a vacation : While packing your bags for the surgery, don’t forget to load your swimsuits and cameras because after speedy recovery, you will be in for nature’s treat.
Liver Cancer or Hepatic Tumour is a cancer of Liver. There are several different types of tumours that can develop in the liver as liver is made up of various cell types. These growths can be benign or malignant. Cancerous tumours can start in liver and spread to other areas of your body, through your bloodstream or your lymphatic system. This spread of cancer is called metastasis. Tumours may also spread from other parts of your body, such as from your bowel, breast or lungs, to your liver.
Symptoms of Liver Cancer
Most people do not have signs and symptoms in the early stages of primary liver cancer. When symptoms do appear, they may include:
Losing weight without trying
Loss of appetite
Upper abdominal pain
Nausea and vomiting
General weakness and fatigue
An enlarged liver
Yellow discoloration of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)
Types of Liver Cancer
There are two broad categories of liver cancer: Primary and Secondary
Primary Liver Cancer
Primary liver cancer starts in the cells, bile ducts, blood vessels or connective tissue of the liver . There are different types of primary liver cancer that include:
Hepatoma: This is the most common type. It is sometimes called hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This type of cancer originates from a liver cell (hepatocyte) which becomes cancerous. The bulk of the liver is made up from hepatocytes. A hepatoma most commonly develops as a complication of liver diseases such as cirrhosis or types of hepatitis (liver inflammation).
Fibrolamellar: This hepatoma is a rare sub-type of hepatoma. It typically develops in a liver that was previously healthy.
Cholangiocarcinoma: This is uncommon. It develops from cells which line the bile duct.
Hepatoblastoma: This is a very rare cancer that occurs in some young children.
Angiosarcoma: This is very rare. It develops from cells of blood vessels within the liver.
Secondary Liver Cancer:
Secondary liver cancer is a cancer that first develops elsewhere in the body and then spreads (metastasizes) to the liver. It is sometimes called metastatic cancer.
When a cancer forms in a part of the body, a few cancer cells may break off and find their way into the bloodstream. Because your liver filters your blood, any cancer cells in the bloodstream have a high chance of settling in the liver to form a cancer nodule (metastasis).
People who are most at risk of secondary liver cancer are those with cancers of the large bowel (colon), pancreas, stomach, lung or breast. It is important to know where the cancer started as this will determine the type of cells which are causing the cancer and affect which treatment is best suited for you. Secondary cancer diagnosed in the liver may be a sign of cancer in other organs. Sometimes, secondary cancer is found in the liver and yet, even with thorough medical tests, it’s not possible to find out where the cancer started. This is sometimes known as cancer of unknown primary.
Staging of Liver Cancer
There are a number of different systems that can be used to stage liver cancer. Many liver cancer specialists use combination-staging systems that include features of both the cancer and liver function to stage a person’s condition.
One combination system for staging liver cancer is known as the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system that consists of the following five stages.
Stage 0 – the tumour is less than 2cm (20mm) in diameter and the person is very well and has normal liver function
Stage A – a single tumour has grown but is less than 5cm (50mm) in diameter, or there are three or fewer smaller tumours that are less than 3cm (30mm) in diameter and the person is very well with normal liver function
Stage B – there are multiple tumours in the liver, but the person is well and their liver function is unaffected
Stage C – any of the above circumstances, but the person is not so well and their liver function is not so good; or where the cancer has started to spread into the main blood vessel of the liver, into nearby lymph nodes or into other parts of the body
Stage D – where the liver has lost most of its functioning abilities and the person begins to have symptoms of end-stage liver disease, such as a build-up of fluid inside their abdomen.
Types of Liver Cancer Surgery:
In cases of liver cancer, surgery may be used to treat the disease when the cancer is only in the liver and it has not spread. The following types of surgery may be used to treat liver cancer:
Liver Resection: The best treatment for cancer that hasn't spread beyond the liver is surgical resection, which removes the part of the liver containing the tumor.
Laparoscopic Liver Resection: Instead of a long abdominal incision, laparoscopic resection requires just three or four small "keyhole" incisions, similar to those routinely used in gallbladder operations. People treated laparoscopically have much less post-operative pain, a shorter hospital stay and a faster return to their normal activities than do patients who undergo traditional open surgery.
Partial Hepatectomy: Removal of the part of the liver where the cancer is found. The part removed may be a wedge of tissue, an entire lobe, or a larger portion of the liver, along with some of the healthy tissue around it. The remaining liver tissue takes over the functions of the liver.
Total Hepatectomy or Liver Transplantation: In some cases, people with small, early-stage tumors confined to the liver or bile ducts that cannot undergo resection may be considered for a liver transplant. During transplantation, surgeons remove the diseased liver and replace it with a healthy, donated organ.
Alternative Treatment Methods for Liver Cancer:
Ablative Therapies - These use a needle to deliver substances directly into cancer cells to kill them. Ablation therapy is most effective with smaller tumors but can be used for cancers up to 5 cm. It is usually reserved for situations where the underlying liver disease makes surgery prohibitively dangerous. Methods of ablation include the following:
Radiofrequency Ablation - The doctor uses a special probe (using CT scan, MRI or Ultrasound) that contains tiny electrodes to kill the cancer cells with heat. Radiofrequency ablation is a type of hyperthermia therapy.
Percutaneous Ethanol Injection - The doctor uses ultrasound to guide a thin needle into the liver tumor. Alcohol (ethanol) is injected directly into the tumor and kills cancer cells. The procedure may be performed once or twice a week.
Photodynamic Therapy - PDT is a relatively new technique that aims to destroy cancer cells while minimising damage to normal tissue. The drug is used to attack the nearby cancerous tissue and thus improve the drainage of bile from the liver.
Embolization- Hepatic artery embolization is a procedure that cuts off blood flow to liver tumors by injecting small particles into the hepatic artery that supplies tumors with nutrients and oxygen. Hepatic artery embolization is for patients who have inoperable disease.
Targeted Therapy - Targeted drugs work differently from standard chemotherapy drugs .They often have different and less severe side effects. These drugs work systemically, which makes them potentially useful against cancers that have spread to distant organs.
Chemotherapy - Chemotherapy for liver cancer is usually put into the body by inserting a needle into a vein or artery. This type of chemotherapy is called a systemic treatment because the drug enters the bloodstream, travels through the body, and can kill cancer cells outside the liver. In another type of chemotherapy called regional chemotherapy, a small pump containing drugs is placed in the body.
Benefits of Liver Cancer Treatment and Surgery:
Surgery for liver cancer focuses on relieving the symptoms of pain and discomfort, rather than attempting to slow down the progression of the cancer. Many liver cancer patients are diagnosed late and frequently treated only with chemotherapy. The liver cancer patient has the best chance for cure and for longest survival if a surgeon dedicated to the liver cancer patient is involved in the decision making process early on. The team of specialists that work together to make decisions about the best way to proceed with your treatment.
Surgical techniques offer a real chance for cure and should be available to the liver cancer patient. The advantage of using a living donor liver transplant is that the person receiving the transplant can plan the procedure with their medical team and relative, and they will not usually have to wait very long. Chemoembolization has the advantages of exposing the tumor to high concentrations of chemotherapy and confining the agents locally since they are not carried away by the blood stream. At the same time, this technique deprives the tumor of its needed blood supply, which can result in the damage or death of the tumor cells. Other non surgical therapies has its own advantages which can help patient to lead a better life.
Liver Cancer Treatment and Surgery in India:
Indian hospitals offer the latest advances in Liver cancer surgery. The oncologists work together with clinicians from a variety of specialties to develop a personalized, aggressive treatment plan tailored to one’s needs, including therapies that help you preserve your quality of life.
The hospitals in India use advanced, minimally invasive techniques to detect cancer anywhere in the body. Then a customized treatment plan is developed, and the same diagnostic tools are used to monitor your progress during the liver cancer surgery and treatment. Many hospitals in India have multidisciplinary teams to treat liver cancer.
Hospitals in India also offer a wide range of complementary therapies to help relieve pain and the side effects of chemotherapy, including yoga, accupuncture, massage therapy, etc. The benefits of these treatments may extend beyond pain relief, helping the patient feel calmer.
Cities in India that offers Lung Cancer Surgery at some of the best and renowned cancer hospitals are as follows;
Cost of Liver Cancer Treatment and Surgery in India: India has earned a reputation of being one of the hottest medical tourist destinations in the world. High quality medical care and facilities await those arriving from around the world to benefit from Indian cancer experts, physicians and surgeons. India provides the same quality of medical care with similar technological solutions and a cost saving of over 50%..
Medical travelers come to low cost and highly affordable medical tourism hub like India from Western nations to take advantage of various low cost medical procedures, which are 40 to 80 percent lower in comparison to healthcare costs in their home countries.
Laparoscopic Liver Resection
Some of the common countries from which patients travel to India for surgery are: