The commonest occuring Cancers with the treament options are
Brain Stem Glioma, Central Nervous System
Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic (CLL)
Leukemia, Chronic Myeloid (CML)
Lymphoma, Hodgkin, Childhood Cancer
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin, Childhood Cancer
Pituitary Gland Tumor
Salivary Gland Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer
Surgery involves the removal of cancerous tissue from the
body. It is the primary treatment for many types of cancer,
and some cancers can be cured with surgery. Surgery can also
confirm a diagnosis (biopsy), determine how far a person's cancer
has advanced (staging), relieve side effects (such as an obstruction),
or ease pain (palliative surgery).
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells.
Chemotherapy drugs fight cancer by interfering with the growth
process of cancer cells, eventually causing the cells to die.
Chemotherapy is used to shrink or eliminate the tumor, keep
the tumor from spreading, destroy any cancer cells that have
spread to other areas in the body, or relieve symptoms. Chemotherapy
is called a systemic treatment, because it affects the entire
Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to destroy cancer
cells. Radiation therapy is considered a local treatment, as
it only affects one part of the body. The goals of radiation
therapy include shrinking the tumor before surgery, keeping
the tumor from returning after surgery, eliminating cancer cells
in other parts of the body, and relieving pain (palliation).
Biologic therapy, also called immunotherapy, stimulates the
disease-fighting mechanisms within the body to fight the cancer.
Interferon and colony-stimulating factor are two examples of
biologic therapy. These substances help restore functioning
of the immune system. Researchers are developing specific types
of biologic therapy, such as monoclonal antibodies and vaccines.