Free Consultations

Top Hospitals in India

Fortis Hospital Fortis Hospital

Artemis Hospital Artemis Hospital

Max Hospital Max Hospital

Columbia Asia Hospital Columbia Asia Hospital

Medanta Hospital Medanta Hospital

Asian Heart Institute
Asian Heart Institute

Wockhardt Hospital
Wockhardt Hospital

Sir Ganga Ram Hospital
Sir Ganga Ram Hospital

Jaslok Hospital Jaslok Hospital

Lilavati Hospital Lilavati Hospital

Hiranandani Hospital
Hiranandani Hospital

Kokilaben Hospital
Kokilaben Hospital

Narayana Hrudayalaya
Narayana Hrudayalaya

Global Hospitals Global Hospitals

Jupiter Hospital Jupiter Hospital


  • Free Video Consultation Available FOR ALL INTERNATIONAL PATIENTS
  • Medical Call Arranged within 24 Hours
  • Surgeons Panel from Top Hospitals of India
  • Please Send Your Medical Reports in Advance
  • 1st Call Free of Cost
    Ask For Consult

Hydrocephalus Surgery and Treatment in India

Hydrocephalus - An Introduction

Hydrocephalus Surgery and Treatment in IndiaThe term hydrocephalus is derived from the Greek words "hydro" meaning water and "cephalus" meaning head. As the name suggests, it is a condition in which excessive accumulation of fluid in the brain. The excess fluid causes the spaces in the brain, called ventricles, to expand which results in potentially harmful pressure on the tender tissues of the brain. Hydrocephalus can be fatal if not treated on time. Once known as "water on the brain," the "water" is actually cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), a clear fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Hydrocephalus affects a wide range of people from infants and older children to young, middle-aged and older adults.

Symptoms of Hydrocephalus:

The signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus vary by age group and disease progression.

In infants, common signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus include:

  • An unusually large head
  • A rapid increase in the size of the head
  • A bulging "soft spot" on the top of the head
  • Vomiting
  • Sleepiness
  • Irritability
  • Seizures
  • Eyes fixed downward (sun setting of the eyes)
  • Developmental delay

In older children and adults, common signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus include:

  • Headache followed by vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Eyes fixed downward (sun setting of the eyes)
  • Problems with balance, coordination or gait
  • Sluggishness or lack of energy
  • Slowing or regression of development
  • Memory loss
  • Confusion
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Irritability
  • Changes in personality
  • Impaired performance in school or work 

Types of Hydrocephalus

  • Congenital Hydrocephalus - Congenital hydrocephalus can cause by genetic factors or it can cause by other environmental influences during fetal development. This type of hydrocephalus can occur before during or soon after birth.
  • Acquired Hydrocephalus - This type of hydrocephalus occurs later in the life by some injuries or disease. It can affect people of all ages.
  • Communicating Hydrocephalus - In this state cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cannot circulate properly. Although it flows normally between the four ventricles but is blocked after it exits the ventricles.
  • Non-Communicating Hydrocephalus - This is also called Obstructive Hydrocephalus that develops when the flow of CSF is blocked along one or more of the narrow pathways connecting the ventricles and CSF cannot circulate properly.
  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) - There are two types of NPH –
    • diopathic NPH - In Idiopathic NPH as name suggests it happens because of unknown cause.
    • PH of Known Cause - Other NPH can happen because of head trauma infections tumour and surgery.

Hydrocephalus is sometimes present at birth (Congenital hydrocephalus), although it may develop later at any age (Acquired hydrocephalus).

Causes of Hydrocephalus:

The causes of hydrocephalus are not entirely clear to scientists. The condition may result from genetic inheritance (this is called aqueductal stenosis -- the narrowing of a specific pathway in the brain) or developmental disorders, such as those associated with neural tube defects like spinal bifida and encephalocele.

Other possible hydrocephalus causes include:

  • Complications associated with premature birth, such as intraventricular hemorrhage
  • Conditions such as meningitis, tumors, or traumatic head injury
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage blocking the exit from the ventricles to the cisterns and eliminating the cisterns themselves.

Diagnosis of Hydrocephalus:

To diagnose Hydrocephalus, a physician considers the patient's medical history, symptoms, results of the physical exam, and certain imaging tests or procedures. Tests used to diagnose hydrocephalus can include:

  • Ultrasound
  • Computed tomography (CT scan)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Pressure-monitoring techniques.

The tests that the doctor recommends are based on the patient's age, clinical presentation, and the presence of known or suspected problems of the brain or spinal cord.

To get free no obligation Quote For Hydrocephalus Surgery in India
click here
Phone Numbers Reach Us
India & International : +91-9860755000 / +91-9371136499
UK : +44-2081332571
Canada & USA : +1-4155992537

Hydrocephalus Treatment:

The goal of treatment is to reduce or prevent brain damage by improving the flow of CSF.

Surgery is the main treatment. The blockage may be surgically removed, if possible. If the blockage cannot be removed, a shunt may be placed within the brain to allow CSF to flow around the blocked area

Types of Hydrocephalus Surgery:

Types of Hydrocephalus SurgeryShunt Placement: The most common treatment for hydrocephalus is the surgical insertion of a drainage system, called a shunt. It consists of a long flexible tube with a valve that keeps fluid from the brain flowing in the right direction and at the proper rate. One end of the tubing is usually placed in one of the brain's ventricles. The tubing is then tunneled under the skin to another part of the body where the excess cerebrospinal fluid can be more easily absorbed — such as the abdomen or a chamber in the heart.

People who have hydrocephalus usually need a shunt system for the rest of their lives, so additional surgeries may be needed to insert longer tubing to match a child's growth. Revisions to the shunt also may be needed if the tubing becomes blocked or infected.

Ventriculostomy: This surgical procedure is sometimes used when there is an obstruction of flow between ventricles. In the procedure, your surgeon makes a hole in the bottom of one of the ventricles, to allow the cerebrospinal fluid to flow toward the base of the brain, where normal absorption occurs.

Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy: In some cases of adult hydrocephalus we are able to determine that there is a CSF blockage that can be potentially bypassed using an endoscopic surgery. In this type of shunt surgery, an endoscopic camera and microinstruments are manipulated through a minimally invasive, computer guided approach into the ventricle. A small hole is made in the floor of the third ventricle, allowing CSF to flow out of the brain. When successful, this type of surgery corrects the hydrocephalus without requiring a shunt implantation.

Benefits of Hydrocephalus Surgery and Radiotherapy

The success of shunts in treatment of hydrocephalus varies from person to person; some people recover almost completely after treatment and have a good quality of life. Early diagnosis and treatment improve the chance of a good recovery. In the last 50 years, there have been incremental advancements in the diagnosis and treatment of hydrocephalus, however, often repeated neurosurgical operations are necessary to treat hydrocephalus. A shunt is designed to control the amount of flow and pressure of CSF out of the brain ventricles and this surgery has shown great results. Despite the problems associated with shunts, at present they are still the best option for most children. Promising new technology includes shunts with valves that can be externally programmed postoperatively and a procedure that uses an endoscope to visualize the blockage and open it, making a shunt unnecessary. Improvements reported by the patient and the patient's family, shows good results of treatment of Hydrocephalus. Most children with hydrocephalus that survive for 1 year will have a fairly normal life span. Approximately a third will have normal intellectual function, but neurological difficulties may persist.

Complications involved in Hydrocephalus Surgery:

Certain risks must be considered with any surgery. Although your surgeon will take every precaution to avoid complications, among the most common risks possible with shunt surgery are: infection, malfunction, disconnection, or obstruction. The sudden release of CSF during or after surgery can cause a subdural hematoma (blood clot) to form. Other possible risks include hemorrhage (excessive bleeding) within the brain.

Hydrocephalus Surgery and Treatment in India:

Complications involved in Hydrocephalus SurgeryAround a million medical tourists travel to India to avail the benefits of the treatment facilities that India offers.India offers a wide range of treatment solution and has become a medical tourism center of the world. Treatment and surgery of Hydrocephalus in India is attracting people from different parts of the world. India has a pool of experienced and skilled neurologists and neurosurgeons. They specialize in identifying and diagnosing different types of brain conditions. Treatment programs that are offered in India have a high success rates, with comparatively minimal complications.

India's growing economy has allowed many developments in the country which has enabled many hospitals to have highly effective and advanced equipments of treatment. The doctors, surgeons, nurses and other medical professionals are highly experienced and skilled at their work. Most of the hospitals are directly or indirectly associated with centers offering alternative therapies like, yoga, naturopathy, etc. Travel and accommodation is also easily accessible in India.

Find List of Best Hydrocephalus Surgery Treatment Surgeons of India

Low Cost neurosurgery in India is the basic reason that an enormous crowd is directed towards Robotic surgery in India. This is all because of the skilled surgeons and their experienced staff. Some of the most experienced neurosurgeons in India:

  • Dr. Bharat Parmar
  • Dr. Paresh Doshi
  • Dr. Swaroop Gopal
  • Dr. Anil Kumar Kansal
  • Dr. Anil Karapurkar
  • Dr. A K Banerji
  • Dr. Rajan Shah
  • Dr. Sreenath S Manikanti
  • Dr. Subba Rao
  • Dr. Rana Patir
  • Dr. Varindra Paul Singh
  • Dr. Soundappan V

Find List of Best Hydrocephalus Surgery Treatment Hospitals of India

The Best Hospitals for Hydrocephalus Surgery in India perform advanced neurology surgery in treatment centres with the most updated technology. They offer the most efficient treatment options at an affordable cost and thus attract many foreign patients from across the world. Some of the top hospitals for hydrocephalus surgery in infants and in adults are:

  • Indraprastha Apollo hospital, Delhi
  • Medanta Hospital, Gurgaon
  • Jaslok hospital, Mumbai
  • Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
  • Fortis memorial Hospital, Gurgaon
  • Max Hospital, New Delhi
  • Shri Ganga Ram Hospital
  • Apollo Hospital, Chennai
  • BLK Hospital, New Delhi

Why Us?

India is considered to be one of the largest country for overseas neurosurgery. Forerunners healthcare in India provide one the most extensive healthcare facilities at an affordable cost. Some of the countries from which patients travel to India includes USA, UK, Canada, Kenya, Bangladesh. Flow diverter stents are been operated in India under the best neurosurgeons in India. Extensive research in the area of neurosurgery has opened different doorways towards human healthcare. Being one of the most challenging and complex areas of modern medicine neurological studies.

Cities in India that offers Hydrocephalus Surgery at some of the top and world class hospitals are as follows;

Mumbai Hyderabad Kerala
Delhi Pune Goa
Bangalore Nagpur Jaipur
Chennai Gurgaon Chandigarh

Some of the common countries from which patients travel to India for surgery are:

USA UK Canada
Australia New Zealand Nigeria
Kenya Ethiopia Uganda
Tanzania Zambia Congo
Sri Lanka Bangladesh Pakistan
Afghanistan Nepal Uzbekistan

To get free no obligation Quote For Hydrocephalus Surgery in India
click here
Phone Numbers Reach Us
India & International : +91-9860755000 / +91-9371136499
UK : +44-2081332571
Canada & USA : +1-4155992537

Below are the downloadable links that will help you to plan your medical trip to India in a more organized and better way. Attached word and pdf files gives information that will help you to know India more and make your trip to India easy and memorable one.

Click icon to Download Document

About IndiaClick Here to Download Word DocumentClick Here to Download PDF Document Destinations in IndiaClick Here to Download Word DocumentClick Here to Download PDF Document
Indian Embassy ListClick Here to Download Word DocumentClick Here to Download PDF Document Medical Tourism FAQClick Here to Download Word DocumentClick Here to Download PDF Document
Visa For IndiaClick Here to Download Word DocumentClick Here to Download PDF Document    

hydrocephalus surgery India, low cost hydrocephalus surgery India, hydrocephalus surgery benefits India, hydrocephalus treatment India, low cost hydrocephalus treatment India, hydrocephalus treatment benefits India, hydrocephalus symptoms, hydrocephalus causes, hydrocephalus types

« Back